Case Studies

We looked at density and the drivers of complete communities (i.e. what makes density work) through the lens of 5 very different neighbourhoods across the Greater Golden Horseshoe.



Carlaw & Dundas, Toronto

Key features:

Located in the east end of Toronto; Leslieville neighbourhood

Old industrial area; some light industry remains today

Recent increase in mid-rise condo development

Mix of employment and residential uses

Combined density of 115 jobs + people/ha


Downtown Burlington

Key features:

Located along Lake Ontario

Designated as a mixed-use area in the City's Official Plan 

Brant Street is a typical mid-size city main street, surrounded by residential

Combined density of 77 jobs + people/ha

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Uptown Core, Oakville:

Key features:

Located in central Oakville, at major intersection of Trafalgar and Dundas

Designated as a Growth Area by City of Oakville

On-going development activity; mostly residential 

Combined density of 41 jobs + people/ha


Cornell, Markham

Key features:

Master-planned community on a greenfield

Designed in the mid-90s using New Urbanism principles

Primarily residential development; commercial areas mostly unrealized

Combined density of 17 jobs + people/ha

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Barrel Yards, Waterloo

Key features:

Located adjacent to the downtown and Waterloo University 

Diverse housing types; combination of new and old 

Planning study for area will guide residential and commercial growth over the next 20 years and beyond

Combined density of 32 jobs + people/ha